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60+ Facts Of India That You Need to Know!

Facts on India

If you’re planning a trip to India, it’s always best to know what to expect and how to stay safe. But today we are focusing on what makes India special. And we are doing that through 60 facts of India that you, me, and every traveler should know. 

Why Facts From India?

I could easily write a post about 1,000 facts about India. India has a colorful and fascinating history, a vibrant culture, and a diverse population of 1.3 billion people. With many different languages, religions, and ethnicities, India is home to several distinct regional and cultural identities. Given its size and incredible diversity, India boasts some of the most varied attractions in the world, so it’s no surprise that it’s one of the most popular tourist destinations on Earth. So yea a 1,000 facts about India…no problem. Expect that it would take a lifetime to write.

Asia is emerging as a premier long-haul destination, with its pristine beaches, exciting cities, and rich culture ready to be explored by intrepid travelers. The nation is home to the world’s highest mountain range, the Himalayas, as well as impressive wildlife parks, serene beaches, and a rich history that stretches back thousands of years.

Traveling in India is an experience unlike any other. It can be incredibly rewarding but you need to know what to expect before embarking on an adventure through one of the world’s most unique countries.

But today we are not traveling on the Indian Railway, exploring ancient India, or, taking a dip in the Indian ocean. Today we are looking at 50 facts of India. These are 50 interesting facts about one of the world’s largest countries. 

They range from Indian food to Indias population. From the West Bengal to Northern India. 

70+ Facts of India | India Facts That Will Make You Pack Your Bags

Fact 1 – The Land of a Thousand Hills 

The Land of a Thousand Hills (Telugu: ఐదు హోమా) is situated in South Asia, between the Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal, in the Indian subcontinent, covering most of the Republic of India and bordering Pakistan to the west, China and Nepal to the north-east, and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. With a population of over 1.2 billion people, India is home to diverse geography, wildlife, flora, and fauna.

Fact 2 – Where India Got Its Name

India was named after Indus, the longest river in Asia.

Facts About India 3 – Bollywood Baby

Bollywood is officially the biggest film industry in terms of films produced annually in terms of movies produced per year (approximately 1,000). That an astounding amount of movies! This is one of the most impressive facts of India if you ask me. 

Fact 4 – Most English Speakers in the world

India has more English speakers than any other country in the world – 300 million people.

Facts About India 5 – World’s Largest Democracy

India is the world’s largest democracy and, according to the UN, is one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.

Fact 6 – Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal, a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as “the jewel of art in India” and is considered one of the masterpieces of the world’s heritage. And that is one of the coolest facts about India. 

Fact 7 India is the world’s second-most populous country in the world. 

India is the world’s second-most populous country with over 1.3 billion people, and it is projected to be the world’s most populous country by 2027.

Fact From India 8 – Indus River

facts of india

The name “India” is derived from the River Indus, which is central to much. 

Fact 9 – The Indian Constitution

Another fun fact about India that you didn’t know. The Indian Constitution is the longest in the world, with more than 400 articles and 12 schedules. It came into force on 26 January 1950.

Facts About India – 10 India has the third-largest army in the world

India has the third-largest army in the world, with over 1.3 million soldiers, and is also one of five nuclear-armed nations.

Fact 11 India is a federal republic governed 

Yes, India is a democracy, but India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories. The President of India is the head of state while the Prime Minister is the head of government.

Fact 12 Most People Practice Hinduism 

Hinduism is practiced by 80% of the population while Islam is practiced by 13%.

Facts About India 13 – India’s literacy rate

The literacy rate in India is 74%, with 82% of males and 65% of females being literate.

Facts of India 14 – India has the Worlds Biggest Postal Network 

India has the world’s largest postal network, with over 150,000 post offices. These fast facts from India are mind-blowing when you think about them. 

Fact 15 India, the second largest road network on the Planet

India has the second-largest road network in the world, with over 4.3 million kilometers of roads.

Fact 16 The Land of the Tiger. 

The national animal of India is the tiger, and the national bird is the peacock. 

Fact About India 17 – India has a lot of Land

India has a land area of 3,287,263 square kilometers, making it the seventh-largest country in the world. 

Fact 18 Mount Everest

Mount Everest, part of the Himalayan mountain range, is located on the border between Nepal and Tibet in China. At 8,848 meters (29,029 ft), it is the tallest mountain in the world.

Fact 19 India has a tropical climate

India has a tropical climate, with four distinct seasons: winter (January to February), summer (March to May), monsoon (June to September), and post-monsoon (October to December).

Facts About India 20 – The Rupee

 The currency of India is the Indian rupee, and its official language is Hindi. English is also widely spoken. These are a couple of simple facts about India that most people already know. But it is still good to refresh. 

Fact 21 – India’s Flag

The flag of India consists of three horizontal stripes of equal width, with the top stripe being orange, the middle stripe being white, and the bottom stripe being green. In the center of the white stripe is a blue wheel with 24 spokes.

Fact 22 Jana Gana Mana

 The national anthem of India is “Jana Gana Mana”, and the national motto is “Satyameva Jayate” (Truth Alone Triumphs).

Facts of India 23 – Lion Capital Emblem

The National Emblem of India is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which features four lions standing back-to-back, symbolizing strength, courage, pride, and confidence.

Facts About India 24 – India uses the Gregorian calendar

The official calendar of India is the Gregorian calendar, but the country also uses the Hindu calendar and the Solar Calendar.

Fact 25 – Diwali is the most popular festival

 Diwali, also known as the “festival of lights”, is one of the most popular festivals in India. It is celebrated by Hindus, Sikhs, and Jains all over the country. I have always wanted to go to this! Which is just another fact of India that you now know. 

Fact 26 – India was a founding member of the UN.

India is a founding member of the United Nations, and it is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement.

Fact 27 – The Capital is New Delhi

facts about india

The capital city of India is New Delhi, and the largest city is Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay).

Facts About India 28 – India has over 22 languages

 India has 22 scheduled languages, with Hindi and English being the most widely spoken.

Fact 29 – India has a strong culture and tradition

 One India facts Culture lovers will like is that Indians have a strong sense of culture and tradition, and family values are highly respected.

Facts of India 30 – India has a large number of ethnic groups

Indian’s subcontinent is home to a large number of ethnic groups, with Hindus being the largest group.

Fact 31 – India has a long and rich history. One of the oldest in the world.

India has a long and rich history, with ancient civilizations such as the Indus Valley Civilization and the Maurya Empire.

Facts About India 32 – India has a lot of religious diversity,

India is a land of great religious diversity, with Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Jainism all having significant followings.

Fact 33 – The Taj Mahal – One of the most iconic buildings in the world. 

facts of india

The Taj Mahal is one of the most iconic buildings in the world and is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his late wife Mumtaz Mahal.

Fact 34 – Cricket. India’s most popular sport. 

Cricket is by far the most popular sport in India, and the country has produced some of the greatest cricketers of all time including Sachin Tendulkar and Virat Kohli.

Fact 35 – Bollywood – The largest film industry in the world.

Bollywood is the world’s largest film industry in terms of output, and Indian films are popular around the globe.

Fact 36 – Is a land of vast cultural differences 

India is a land of great diversity, with people of many different religions, languages, and cultures living together in harmony. It is one of the best proud facts about India.

Fact 37 – The Constitution of India – The oldest constitution in the world. 

The Constitution of India is the longest constitution in the world, with more than 400 articles and 12 schedules.

Facts of India 38 – India has over 28 states

India has a federal system of government, with 28 states and 8 union territories.

Fact 39 – India has a Prime Minister and a President 

 The President of India is the head of state, and the Prime Minister is the head of government.

Fact 40 – India has a unicameral parliament

India has a unicameral parliament, with the lower house (the Lok Sabha) being directly elected by the people.

Fact 41 – Like the USA – India’s Supreme Court is the highest court in the country

The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country, and it consists of a Chief Justice and 30 other judges.

Fact 42 – 7th Largest Economy in the World

 The Indian economy is the world’s seventh-largest by nominal GDP, and the third-largest by purchasing power parity.

Fact 43 – India is a member of the G20

India is a member of the G20, and it is also classified as a newly industrialized country.

Facts of India 44 – Agriculture is at the center of the Indian economy

Agriculture is the mainstay of the Indian economy, with more than 60% of the population being employed in this sector.

Fact 45 – India produces a lot of the things we love!

India is one of the world’s leading producers of rice, wheat, sugarcane, cotton, milk, and tea.

Fact 46 – The service sector makes up a lot of the economy

 The service sector is also a significant contributor to the Indian economy, accounting for over 54% of GDP.

Fact 47 – Tourism is a Huge Part of the Economy

Tourism is another important pillar of the Indian economy, with the country being home to some of the most iconic tourist destinations in the world.

Facts of India 48 – India Exports More IT than anyone!

 India is also a leading exporter of information technology services, and it has been at the forefront of the global outsourcing boom.

Facts From India 49 – Bollywood Is the Worlds Biggest Film Industry

 The Indian film industry is one of the largest in the world, and Bollywood is globally renowned for its output.

Fact 50 – India has a young population

India has a largely youthful population, with more than half of its citizens below the age of 29.

Fact 51 – Sri Lanka is Right Off the Coast

Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country and a South Asian island country located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of India. With a population of around 23 million people, it is the fourth-most populous country and one of the most densely populated countries in the world.

Facts of India 52 – Sri Lanka Also Has A Diverse Heritage 

Sri Lanka has a rich cultural heritage and the third-largest community of languages in the world. Find our more in our Sri Lanka How to Travel Guide.. The island has been inhabited since at least 5,000 BCE and has been home to several civilizations throughout its history. The Kingdom of Sri Lanka was founded in 543 BCE and later became an independent nation in 1972 – making it one of the oldest countries in Asia alongside China, Japan, and India.

Fact 53 – South India is Huge

South India is the southern region of the Indian subcontinent that comprises the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. The region occupies 19.31% of India’s area. Spanning from the tropical south Arabian Sea coast to the tropical wet forests of the Western Ghats, South India is perhaps best known for its illustrious history with numerous kingdoms and cultural achievements, such as the rich legacy of the Vijayanagara Empire. The region has a population of about 258 million people. 

Fact of India 54 – The Golden Temple

The Golden Temple, or Sri Harmandir Sahib, is situated in the city of Amritsar. Located within the borders of Punjab state, India, it is the holiest of Sikh shrines and is sometimes referred to as the “Temple of God.” 

Fact 55 – Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born here in the 15th Century. 

 In the 15th century, Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born here. Guru Nanak Dev Ji taught his followers that there is one God for everyone and that he should be worshipped by doing good deeds.

Fact 56 – Bhedaghat is the Capital of Madhya Pradesh

The erstwhile capital of the Holkar kingdom, Bhedaghat is located in the state of Madhya Pradesh, on the banks of the Bina River. Bhedaghat has a picturesque landscape that boasts lush green forests and fields. There are horses, camels, monkeys, and birds everywhere and it is a photographer’s delight to capture these assorted interesting images.

Fact of India 57 – Bengal Tiger

facts on india

The Bengal tiger is the national animal of India. The tiger is a large carnivorous mammal belonging to the Felidae family. The scientific name of the tiger is Panthera tigris. The Bengal tiger is found in the Indian subcontinent, and it is the most numerous tiger subspecies. And The Bengal Tiger is the second-largest living cat today, after the tiger, and the heaviest living cat, with males weighing up to 180 kg.

Fact 58 – India was under British Rule. 

Yep, the British Rule lasted a long time too. It covers the period from 1600 to 1947. And British India was a very different place. 

Fact 59 – Dal lake, the largest body of water in Kashmir

Dal lake in Kashmir, India is the largest body of water in the region and one of the most important tourist attractions in the country. It is a pure lake, with no outlet. The lake’s history dates back to the 6th century AD.

Facts of India 60 – Hinduism – the oldest religion in the world

And some practitioners and scholars refer to it as Sanātana Dharma, “the eternal tradition”, or the “eternal way”, beyond human history. Scholars regard Hinduism as a fusion or synthesis of various Indian cultures and traditions, with diverse roots and no founder. This “Hindu synthesis” started to develop between 500 BCE and 300 CE. Making it the oldest religion. It started after the end of the Vedic period, and flourished in the medieval period, with the decline of Buddhism in India.

Fact 61 – India Has The Wettest Inhabited place on earth

The village of Mawsynram, located in the Indian state of Meghalaya, is widely recognized as being the wettest inhabited place on earth. Situated on the Khasi Hills, Mawsynram receives an annual average rainfall of 11,873 millimeters (about 467 inches). That is a lot of rain annually!

Fact of India 62 – India’s Government is a Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Republic

India’s Government is a Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Republic with a President, Prime Minister, and bicameral legislature. The Constitution of India is the longest in the world, with 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules and 118 amendments.

Fact 62 – There are a lot of celebrations in India

India is a land of festivals. There is hardly any month when some festival or the other is not being celebrated in one part or the other of the country. The festivals are related to the religion, harvest, seasons, hero-worship and many other things. They break the monotony of life and bring cheer and happiness. They are also the occasions for meeting friends and relatives and for feasting and merrymaking.

All these festivals have their own significance and are celebrated with great joy and enthusiasm. They help to promote national integration and social harmony.

 Fact 63 – narendra modi is the current prime minister of india

Narendra Modi is an Indian politician who is the current Prime Minister of India, in office since 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014, and is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi. Modi is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation. He is the first Prime Minister from outside the Congress party to serve a full five-year term.

Fact of India 64 – India celebrates independence from British Rule

August 15th is India’s Independence Day! On this day in 1947, India became a free and independent nation after years of British rule. When they ruled the Northwestern provinces in India.

India’s independence movement was led by Mahatma Gandhi, who fought for India’s right to self-determination through peaceful protests and civil disobedience. Today, India is the world’s largest democracy and is home to over 1.3 billion people. India is also a nuclear power and has one of the fastest-growing economies in the world.

Fact 65 – India Has 6 neighbouring countries

Yep! Six Neighbouring Countries. India is bordered by six different countries: Pakistan in the northwestern part of the country, China and Nepal to the north, Bhutan and Bangladesh to the east, and Myanmar to the southeast. India also shares maritime borders with Sri Lanka and the Maldives.

Fact 66- India has 444 Million young children

This number is projected to increase to 600 million by 2030. The mean age of the Indian population is expected to be 29 years in 2020, which is relatively young compared to the global average of 30.4 years. India is expected to have the largest Muslim population in the world by 2050.

Fact of India 67 – India Has Great architecture

The architecture of India is rooted in its history, culture and religion. Indian architecture progressed with time and assimilated the external influences, resulting in a unique architectural style. The architectural style of India is a blend of various styles that emerged in different parts of the subcontinent during different periods in history. The Indian subcontinent has a long and diverse history of architectural traditions and styles, which have evolved over the millennia and have been adapted to meet the changing needs of the people.

Fact 68 – India has the 4th Largest rail network and second busiest in the world

This transportation system services over 18 million passengers and more than 2 million tons of freight daily. In 2014-15, the Indian railways carried 8.107 billion passengers annually or more than 22 million passengers a day and 1.108 billion tons of freight in the year.

Fact of India 69 – India and the United States have a Strong Realtionship

India is the world’s largest democracy and a close strategic partner of the United States. The United States has been a strong supporter of India’s rise as a leading global power and our two countries cooperate closely on issues such as counterterrorism, defense, and trade.

Fact 70 – India Should Be On Your Bucket List

Travel in India is an experience like no other. The sights, smells, and sounds of India are unlike anything else in the world. India is a land of contrasts, with a rich and varied culture. From the bustling streets of Delhi to the serene beaches of Goa, there is something for everyone in India.

Fact 71 – Food in India is incredibly diverse,

And each state has its own culinary traditions. Common staples include rice, wheat, lentils, and a variety of spices. Curry is a popular dish made with a variety of different meats and vegetables. India is also home to a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, including mangoes, bananas, coconuts, and tomatoes.

The cuisine of India is as varied as the country itself, with regional dishes that reflect the diverse cultures and religions present. India is also home to some of the world’s most iconic animals, including elephants, tigers, and monkeys.

Fact of India 72 – Cows are Scared in India

In India, cows are considered sacred and are often seen roaming the streets. However, they can be scared easily and will often run away when they see something that scares them.

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