If you’re planning a trip to India, it’s always best to know what to expect and how to stay safe. But today we are focusing on what makes India special. And we are doing that through 60 facts of India that you, me, and every traveler should know.
Why Facts From India?
India has a colorful and fascinating history, a vibrant culture, and a diverse population of 1.3 billion people. With many different languages, religions, and ethnicities, India is home to several distinct regional and cultural identities. Given its size and incredible diversity, India boasts some of the most varied attractions in the world, so it’s no surprise that it’s one of the most popular tourist destinations on Earth.
Asia is emerging as a premier long-haul destination, with its pristine beaches, exciting cities, and rich culture ready to be explored by intrepid travelers. The nation is home to the world’s highest mountain range, the Himalayas, as well as impressive wildlife parks, serene beaches, and a rich history that stretches back thousands of years.
Traveling in India is an experience unlike any other. It can be incredibly rewarding but you need to know what to expect before embarking on an adventure through one of the world’s most unique countries.
But today we are not traveling on the Indian Railway, exploring ancient India, or, taking a dip in the Indian ocean. Today we are looking at 50 facts of India. These are 50 interesting facts about one of the world’s largest countries.
They range from Indian food to Indias population. From the West Bengal to Northern India.
60+ India Facts That Will Make You Pack Your Bags
Fact 1 – The Land of a Thousand Hills
The Land of a Thousand Hills (Telugu: ఐదు హోమా) is situated in South Asia, between the Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal, in the Indian subcontinent, covering most of the Republic of India and bordering Pakistan to the west, China and Nepal to the north-east, and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. With a population of over 1.2 billion people, India is home to diverse geography, wildlife, flora, and fauna.
Fact 2 – Where India Got Its Name
India was named after Indus, the longest river in Asia.
Fact 3 – Bollywood Baby
Bollywood is officially the biggest film industry in terms of films produced annually in terms of movies produced per year (approximately 1,000). That an astounding amount of movies! This is one of the most impressive facts of India if you ask me.
Fact 4 – Most English Speakers in the world
India has more English speakers than any other country in the world – 300 million people.
Fact 5 – World’s Largest Democracy
India is the world’s largest democracy and, according to the UN, is one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.
Fact 6 – Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal, a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as “the jewel of art in India” and is considered one of the masterpieces of the world’s heritage. And that is one of the coolest facts about India.
Fact 7 India is the world’s second-most populous country in the world.
India is the world’s second-most populous country with over 1.3 billion people, and it is projected to be the world’s most populous country by 2027.
Fact From India 8 – Indus River
The name “India” is derived from the River Indus, which is central to much.
Fact 9 – The Indian Constitution
Another fun fact about India that you didn’t know. The Indian Constitution is the longest in the world, with more than 400 articles and 12 schedules. It came into force on 26 January 1950.
Fact 10 India has the third-largest army in the world
India has the third-largest army in the world, with over 1.3 million soldiers, and is also one of five nuclear-armed nations.
Fact 11 India is a federal republic governed
Yes, India is a democracy, but India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories. The President of India is the head of state while the Prime Minister is the head of government.
Fact 12 Most People Practice Hinduism
Hinduism is practiced by 80% of the population while Islam is practiced by 13%.
Fact 13 – India’s literacy rate
The literacy rate in India is 74%, with 82% of males and 65% of females being literate.
Facts of India 14 – India has the Worlds Biggest Postal Network
India has the world’s largest postal network, with over 150,000 post offices. These fast facts from India are mind-blowing when you think about them.
Fact 15 India, the second largest road network on the Planet
India has the second-largest road network in the world, with over 4.3 million kilometers of roads.
Fact 16 The Land of the Tiger.
The national animal of India is the tiger, and the national bird is the peacock.
Fact About India 17 – India has a lot of Land
India has a land area of 3,287,263 square kilometers, making it the seventh-largest country in the world.
Fact 18 Mount Everest
Mount Everest, part of the Himalayan mountain range, is located on the border between Nepal and Tibet in China. At 8,848 meters (29,029 ft), it is the tallest mountain in the world.
Fact 19 India has a tropical climate
India has a tropical climate, with four distinct seasons: winter (January to February), summer (March to May), monsoon (June to September), and post-monsoon (October to December).
Fact 20 – The Rupee
The currency of India is the Indian rupee, and its official language is Hindi. English is also widely spoken. These are a couple of simple facts about India that most people already know. But it is still good to refresh.
Fact 21 – India’s Flag
The flag of India consists of three horizontal stripes of equal width, with the top stripe being orange, the middle stripe being white, and the bottom stripe being green. In the center of the white stripe is a blue wheel with 24 spokes.
Fact 22 Jana Gana Mana
The national anthem of India is “Jana Gana Mana”, and the national motto is “Satyameva Jayate” (Truth Alone Triumphs).
Facts of India 23 – Lion Capital Emblem
The National Emblem of India is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which features four lions standing back-to-back, symbolizing strength, courage, pride, and confidence.
Fact 24 – India uses the Gregorian calendar
The official calendar of India is the Gregorian calendar, but the country also uses the Hindu calendar and the Solar Calendar.
Fact 25 – Diwali is the most popular festival
Diwali, also known as the “festival of lights”, is one of the most popular festivals in India. It is celebrated by Hindus, Sikhs, and Jains all over the country. I have always wanted to go to this! Which is just another fact of India that you now know.
Fact 26 – India was a founding member of the UN.
India is a founding member of the United Nations, and it is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement.
Fact 27 – The Capital is New Delhi
The capital city of India is New Delhi, and the largest city is Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay).
Fact About India 28 – India has over 22 languages
India has 22 scheduled languages, with Hindi and English being the most widely spoken.
Fact 29 – India has a strong culture and tradition
One India facts Culture lovers will like is that Indians have a strong sense of culture and tradition, and family values are highly respected.
Fact 30 – India has a large number of ethnic groups
Indian’s subcontinent is home to a large number of ethnic groups, with Hindus being the largest group.
Fact 31 – India has a long and rich history. One of the oldest in the world.
India has a long and rich history, with ancient civilizations such as the Indus Valley Civilization and the Maurya Empire.
Facts About India 32 – India has a lot of religious diversity,
India is a land of great religious diversity, with Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Jainism all having significant followings.
Fact 33 – The Taj Mahal – One of the most iconic buildings in the world.
The Taj Mahal is one of the most iconic buildings in the world and is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his late wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Fact 34 – Cricket. India’s most popular sport.
Cricket is by far the most popular sport in India, and the country has produced some of the greatest cricketers of all time including Sachin Tendulkar and Virat Kohli.
Fact 35 – Bollywood – The largest film industry in the world.
Bollywood is the world’s largest film industry in terms of output, and Indian films are popular around the globe.
Fact 36 – Is a land of vast cultural differences
India is a land of great diversity, with people of many different religions, languages, and cultures living together in harmony.
Fact 37 – The Constitution of India – The oldest constitution in the world.
The Constitution of India is the longest constitution in the world, with more than 400 articles and 12 schedules.
Facts of India 38 – India has over 28 states
India has a federal system of government, with 28 states and 8 union territories.
Fact 39 – India has a Prime Minister and a President
The President of India is the head of state, and the Prime Minister is the head of government.
Fact 40 – India has a unicameral parliament
India has a unicameral parliament, with the lower house (the Lok Sabha) being directly elected by the people.
Fact 41 – Like the USA – India’s Supreme Court is the highest court in the country
The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country, and it consists of a Chief Justice and 30 other judges.
Fact 42 – 7th Largest Economy in the World
The Indian economy is the world’s seventh-largest by nominal GDP, and the third-largest by purchasing power parity.
Fact 43 – India is a member of the G20
India is a member of the G20, and it is also classified as a newly industrialized country.
Fact From India 44 – Agriculture is at the center of the Indian economy
Agriculture is the mainstay of the Indian economy, with more than 60% of the population being employed in this sector.
Fact 45 – India produces a lot of the things we love!
India is one of the world’s leading producers of rice, wheat, sugarcane, cotton, milk, and tea.
Fact 46 – The service sector makes up a lot of the economy
The service sector is also a significant contributor to the Indian economy, accounting for over 54% of GDP.
Fact 47 – Tourism is a Huge Part of the Economy
Tourism is another important pillar of the Indian economy, with the country being home to some of the most iconic tourist destinations in the world.
Fact 48 – India Exports More IT than anyone!
India is also a leading exporter of information technology services, and it has been at the forefront of the global outsourcing boom.
Facts From India 49 – Bollywood Is the Worlds Biggest Film Industry
The Indian film industry is one of the largest in the world, and Bollywood is globally renowned for its output.
Fact 50 – India has a young population
India has a largely youthful population, with more than half of its citizens below the age of 29.
Fact 51 – Sri Lanka is Right Off the Coast
Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country and a South Asian island country located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of India. With a population of around 23 million people, it is the fourth-most populous country and one of the most densely populated countries in the world.
Fact 52 – Sri Lanka Also Has A Diverse Heritage
Sri Lanka has a rich cultural heritage and the third-largest community of languages in the world. Find our more in our Sri Lanka How to Travel Guide.. The island has been inhabited since at least 5,000 BCE and has been home to several civilizations throughout its history. The Kingdom of Sri Lanka was founded in 543 BCE and later became an independent nation in 1972 – making it one of the oldest countries in Asia alongside China, Japan, and India.
Fact 53 – South India is Huge
South India is the southern region of the Indian subcontinent that comprises the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. The region occupies 19.31% of India’s area. Spanning from the tropical south Arabian Sea coast to the tropical wet forests of the Western Ghats, South India is perhaps best known for its illustrious history with numerous kingdoms and cultural achievements, such as the rich legacy of the Vijayanagara Empire. The region has a population of about 258 million people.
Fact 54 – The Golden Temple
The Golden Temple, or Sri Harmandir Sahib, is situated in the city of Amritsar. Located within the borders of Punjab state, India, it is the holiest of Sikh shrines and is sometimes referred to as the “Temple of God.”
Fact 55 – Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born here in the 15th Century.
In the 15th century, Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born here. Guru Nanak Dev Ji taught his followers that there is one God for everyone and that he should be worshipped by doing good deeds.
Fact 56 – Bhedaghat is the Capital of Madhya Pradesh
The erstwhile capital of the Holkar kingdom, Bhedaghat is located in the state of Madhya Pradesh, on the banks of the Bina River. Bhedaghat has a picturesque landscape that boasts lush green forests and fields. There are horses, camels, monkeys, and birds everywhere and it is a photographer’s delight to capture these assorted interesting images.
fact 57 – Bengal Tiger
The Bengal Tiger is the second-largest living cat today, after the tiger, and the heaviest living cat, with males weighing up to 180 kg.
Fact 58 – India was under British Rule.
Yep, the British Rule lasted a long time too. It covers the period from 1600 to 1947. And British India was a very different place.
Fact 59 – Dal lake, the largest body of water in Kashmir
Dal lake in Kashmir, India is the largest body of water in the region and one of the most important tourist attractions in the country. It is a pure lake, with no outlet. The lake’s history dates back to the 6th century AD.
About This SIte
Hi! I’m Stephen Schreck! A travel addict, wordsmith, and shutterbug.
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