Home | 200+ Descriptive Adjectives and Their Definitions

List of 200+ Descriptive Adjectives and Their Definitions

descriptive adjectives

In our last post, we explored the importance of using the right descriptive words, and how doing so can help you write.

In this post, we venture away from any plural noun, adverb, or different words to improve your grammar. Instead, we are going heavy on descriptive adjectives.

We go over everything that YOU need to know!

We will go over the different types of adjectives – which is a good lesson for anyone – that will improve your English skills.

This list of descriptive adjectives includes many of the common, as well as some less common, adjectives used in creative writing, and they can be used in all types of writing.

The following list is organized alphabetically with the definitions listed first and the common uses for each adjective afterward.

We’ve also included examples to show how these descriptive words can be used.

But first! Let’s break down all the different types of adjectives. And how they can improve your English grammar. 

Using Adjectives In Writing and Speech

When you’re describing something, it can be helpful to use adjectives. Adjectives are words that describe qualities or characteristics of a person, thing, or place. They can make writing more interesting and help you to clarify your ideas.

There are many different types of adjectives, but they all have one thing in common: they add detail to your writing or speech.

Let’s look at some examples.

The flowers are beautiful.

The flowers are red, orange, and yellow.

The flowers are big, brightly colored, and fragrant.

In the first sentence, the author simply states that the flowers are beautiful. But in the second sentence, the author adds more detail by describing the colors of the flowers. And in the third sentence, the author adds even more detail by describing the size, color, and fragrance of the flowers.

As you can see, adjectives can make your writing or speech more interesting and informative. So next time you’re describing something, try using some adjectives to help your readers or listeners visualize and understand what you’re saying. 

Types of Descriptive Adjectives


Interrogative adjectives ask a question about the subject word, for example, What, Who, When, Why. And they always start with a capital letter. 

They usually begin with the letters W and H.


What do you think?

Which one do you like better?

Who was in charge of the order?


When you use “possessive adjectives” (my, your, our, its, her, his, and their) before a noun, you are giving more information about the noun that follows.

Your bike was stolen.

My homework is late.

What Are quantitative adjectives?

Quantitative adjectives are adjectives that indicate quantity or amount. They are used to describe how much of something is present. Some common quantitative adjectives are “few,” “many,” “much,” and “little.” 


Compound adjectives are a combination of two or more words used to modify a noun or pronoun. This can happen in different ways.

The first way is by using an adjective and noun together as one word.


big picture

simple math

flat roof

empty bucket

fun run

The second way is by using two adjectives together.


nice and warm

soft and gentle

new and popular

What is a limiting adjective?

A limiting adjective is an adjective that restricts the meaning of the noun it modifies to a particular type or group of things. For example, the adjective “unique” is a limiting adjective because it restricts the meaning of the noun it modifies to “one of a kind.” 

This is a small room.

This is not a large room. 

What is a qualitative adjective?

A qualitative adjective is an adjective that describes a quality or characteristic of a person, place, or thing. 

Some qualitative adjectives are: blue, big, happy, and new. 


Demonstrative adjectives (this, that, these, those) are adjectives that point out the noun by indicating a certain example.


It is this book.

That is a good book.

This is my house.


Demonstrative adjectives (this, that, these, those) are adjectives that point out the noun by indicating a certain example.


It is this book.

That is a good book.

This is my house.


In descriptive writing, adjectives are limiting adjectives when they identify a noun without telling us anything about the thing being described. What are specifically limiting adjectives? 

Let’s take a look at some examples: 

The tall man 

A good car 

He ran fast 

The small building 

I have a big yard 

She is a good student. 

The words “tall,” “good,” and “big” tell us nothing about the people or things being described.


A predicate adjective is a word or phrase placed after a linking verb and used to describe someone or something. 


The water was cold. (cold is the predicate adjective) 

He is a smart young man. (Young is the predicate adjective)

The students worked hard. (hard is the predicate adjective)


Proper adjectives are used to describe nouns and they don’t even have to be a proper nouns:

Harry is a funny man.

The new dress looks pretty.

That was a fascinating movie.

In each case, the adjective (funny, pretty, fascinating) describes what kind of thing the noun is.

Simple Adjectives

A Simple Adjectives Adjectives add detail to a noun in their simplest form; by describing, identifying, or quantifying the person, place, thing, or idea that a noun represents.


What is a determiner in Grammar A determiner is a word that is used before a noun or noun phrase to indicate whether the noun is specific or non-specific.

For example, The and An are determiners, as well as many other words such as my, some, these, our, etc.

They clarify and make more specific what the noun will refer to. Then, an and other similar words are called definite articles, because they can help to determine whether the noun is indefinite (referring to any member of a group) or definite (referring to a particular member of a group).


Do you sometimes find yourself struggling to choose the right adjective?

We know that choosing the right word to describe something that you are writing about is hard.

If you are a blog writer or use article writing services, descriptive words can really make a difference.

When you are writing an article, it is not just about describing the topic in your own words but doing it in an exciting way to wow your audience. How do you do so?

The answer is simple; use lots of adjectives!

An adjective is a word that describes a noun. 

So, when you are writing, it is important to choose descriptive words so that your audience can have a clear image of what you are trying to describe. 

It can be anything ranging from a person to an object and everything in between.


linking verb, sometimes known as a connecting verb, is a type of verb that connects two different parts of a sentence. 

It can link two clauses, or it can link a subject with a noun complement. As the term suggests, the verb links these phrases together.

The most common way to use linking verbs is within compound sentences. 

Frequently, they’re used to connect two main clauses.

The main linking verb types are: is, am, are, was, were, be, being, and been. 


I like to read books, and I like to review them on my blog.

In this sentence, the first main clause uses the present tense version of “to like,” while the second clause uses the present tense version of “to review.”

Linking Verb: I am proud of you.

Controller Noun: My son is proud of his grades.

Linking verbs are also commonly used in conjunction with nouns to create a noun complement-a noun that characterizes the subject of a sentence.


abashed – embarrassed, ashamed, shy, abashed

abstemious – moderate in eating and drinking, sparing

abrasive – causing irritation or anger

abstruse – difficult to comprehend; incomprehensible

academic – of or pertaining to or like a student or a scholar

accede – agree, yield, accede

accident – by chance, without intention

acclivity – upward slope, rise, incline

acclimate – accustom to a particular climate or to unfamiliar circumstances

accost – approach and speak to someone in a forward manner

accretion – growth by addition of small amounts. I love this descriptive adjective.

accrue – descriptive language for collect, gather together by natural growth or accumulation

acerbic – sour, bitter, sharp, cutting in a manner that wounds feelings

achromatic – colorless

acicular – long thin rod-shaped; needle-shaped

acidic – having or denoting the properties of an acid; sharp

acquiescent – submissive or acquiescent

acquisitive avid – grasping; greedy; eager to gain by taking from others

adamant – insistent on having one’s own way; inflexible in one’s attitude or opinion; unyielding; obstinate

adduct – draw toward

aesthetic – artistic, beautiful, or pleasing in appearance… etc.


Baboonish – Of or pertaining to the species of apes

Baffling – Confusing or hard to understand.”

Bacchanalian – very happy and lively.

Brittle – Crisp, delicate, and easily broken; easily fractured or snapped.

Brawny – Having great strength; muscular and powerful.

Brainy – Having exceptional intelligence.

Brackish – Moderately salty, as a small lake or an area of water.

Baleful – harmful: malignant.

Bull-headed – having a head that is difficult to influence or persuade 

Broken-hearted – feeling or showing sorrow because of a loss or disappointment


Capacious – Apt to hold or contain; spacious.

Capacity – The power, ability, or opportunity to contain or hold.

Confused – not be clear in one’s mind; to have no clear idea or concept of a situation or thing.

Cautious – proceeding from careful thought or consideration; deliberate: a cautious speech; cautious advice.

Cheerful – means full of cheer, but a couple of synonyms are happy and smiling.

Clumsy – clumsy in a physical manner; ungraceful

Competent – the ability to do something at the right time and in the right way

Concerned – to worry about something or be anxious about it.

Consonant – A consonant is a speech sound

Certain – positive, definite, dependable.

Cheery – Just like cheerful, a couple of synonyms are happy and glad.

Clownish – characteristic of a clown; ludicrous; buffoonish; silly

Competent – having the skill and knowledge to do something well.

Conscientious – thorough, careful, and vigilant.


Daedal – something that is intricate, complex, and cleverly designed with many details or intricacies. A great descriptive adjective.

Darling – beloved one.

Dashing – lively, energetic, and charming.

Dastardly – fiendishly or scoundrel.

Disagreeable – Unlikely to agree.

Disastrous – resulting in a disaster. 

Discouraging – To make somebody feel bad.

Disgusting – Gross.

Dishonest – Not honest.

Disillusioning – the feeling you get when your ideals are shattered.

Distant – Far away.

Distinctive – Something, especially a feature or quality that makes .someone or something stand out from the rest of a group.

Distorted – Not straightforward or direct; devious or deceitful; misleading or fallacious.

Displeasing – Causing displeasure or annoyance; annoying.


Eager – having or showing great desire, keenness, or impatience

Early riser – a person who gets up very early in the morning.

Easygoing – people who are relaxed and calm with their life, made easier with quotes by Epictetus..

Ebullient – filled with excitement and energy

Eccentric – deviating from the commonly or customarily accepted, usual, or normal.

Ecliptic – the process of omission.

Enthusiastic – having or showing great excitement and interest 

Energetic – possessing or showing great energy 

Excitable – easily excited 


Fabulous – very good or excellent

Fantastic – extremely good or pleasing

Flawless – without any mistakes

Fetching – attractive or appealing

Fierce – very intense or powerful

Flattering – making someone look or feel good

Forgiving – willing to forgive someone’s mistakes

Friendly – pleasant and welcoming

Frisky – lively and playful 

Freckle-faced – having many freckles

Fuzzy – covered with fuzz

Funny – amusing or humorous 


Handsome – having a pleasing appearance 

Hearty – vigorous and strong 

Honest – truthful and sincere 

Helpful: kindly disposed and willing to assist 

Happy – contented and satisfied 

Homey – having a comfortable and familiar atmosphere 

Heavy-handed – using a lot of force

Heartless – without feeling or sympathy

Huge – very large 

High-heeled – having a high heel

Halcyon – idyllically calm and peaceful

Hard – physically tough or robust

Hardworking – taking great pains to do one’s work conscientiously

Harmonious – having a pleasingly consistent sound or effect

Haunting – suggestive of the supernatural; ghostly 


ill-mannered – behaving badly or rudely 

Impatient – finding it difficult to wait for something 

Inattentive – not paying attention 

Inconsiderate – not thinking of other people’s feelings 

Independent – not needing other people 

Inflexible – not able to change your mind 

Insensitive – not caring about other people’s feelings 

Inexpensive – not costing a lot of money

Incredibly – extremely; so as to produce a strong impression

Intense – strong or vigorous; very severe or violent 

inteligente – means “intelligent.” 


Long-winded – having a lot to say; talking a lot

Loquacious – tending to talk a lot; very talkative

Lengthy – long in duration; taking a long time

Life-giving – giving life; supplying vitality or energy 


Majestic: having or showing great beauty or nobility

Magnificent: very impressive or large

Marvelous: extremely good or pleasant

Metallic: of or relating to metals

Mysterious: difficult or impossible to understand or explain 


quaint – describes something that is old-fashioned and unusual

quick – describes something that is fast or that happens quickly

quiet – describes something that is calm and peaceful 

quantitative – A word that describes the quantity of something. 


Sarcastic – tending to mock or ridicule.

Sardonic – means having a sneering or cynical quality. 

Short-tempered –  easily angered

Sensitive – easily hurt emotionally or physically

Self-conscious – aware of and worried about how you look and act around other people 

Self-centered –  thinking only of oneself and one’s own interests 


Thorough – Having or showing care in every detail; painstaking. 

Terrific – good; excellent. 

Tiny – Very small; tiny. 

Tight-fisted – stingy, not generous with money 


Ugly – not pretty or attractive

Unique – being the only one of its kind; not having a duplicate

Under – lower in rank, status, or quality

Understood – comprehended or grasped 

Uninterested – not interested

Ubiquitous – being present everywhere at the same time

Unbelievable – too extraordinary or unlikely to be believed

Unpredictable – not able to be foreseen or predicted 


Aggressive – of, relating to or marked by aggression

Active – positive words for ready and able to take action.

Adventurous – full of adventure: an adventurous journey.

Agreeable – a desire to be in agreement with others.

Ambitious – having a strong desire for success or achievement.

Analytical – Advanced or careful consideration

Artistic – creativity or original ideas in any field of artistic endeavor.

Assertive – characterized by a confident assurance and readiness to defend one’s opinions or actions.

Authoritative – of or relating to an authority: of recognized or accepted authority

Beautiful – handsome, pretty

Calm – Suitable for a situation that requires patience and quiet behavior.

Caring – Feeling or showing concern for the well-being of others

Charismatic – the quality of being alluring or attracting; drawing power

Clever – observant, expeditious, and ingenious

Cooperative – agreeable, willing to work together towards a common goal

Courteous – having or showing courtesy : polite

Curious – that describes a person who is curious or inquisitive.

Daring – having or showing a readiness to do bold or daring things

Decisive – acting with or characterized by quick, firm determination; resolute. 

Deliberate – to think about something carefully.

Dependable – worthy of being depended on.

Meticulous – Having extreme attention to detail.

Rational – Making judgments based on reason rather than emotions.

Spontaneous – Not planned or premeditated.

Haughty – having or showing an offensively superior attitude; behaving as if you are better than other people


I got an email from a friend who is a professional food writer, and she said “We’re often asked to describe a dish or a meal using only words that describe food”, and here is an example of some adjectives and positive words to describe food.



Gourmet – only used in a singular form.





Divine – Also only used in a singular form.










Crackling – descriptive language for crisp, juicy, but not so sweet as to be cloying. Used to describe the fruit. 

Creamy – Smooth, rich, not at all lumpy. Used more to describe different types of dessert items.

Substantial – healthy with enough protein and fiber 

Light – low-calorie packaged foods ideal for dieting or reducing weight

Healthy – fresh produce, lean meats, whole grains

Low Carb Diet – cutting carbs from your diet and counting calories

Meat Eater-no plant-based items like fruits or vegetables.

Acidic – having acid

Bitter – having an unpleasantly sharp taste

Bland – tasteless or unseasoned

Buttery – of, or relating to butter; “buttery spread”; “a buttery flavor”

Citrusy – having the flavor of citrus fruit or juice.

Decadent – luxurious and sensuous; voluptuous

Delectable – very great pleasure and enjoyment from a meal. 

Good Descriptive Adjectives

1. Beautiful 

2. charming 

3. funny 

4. kind

5. helpful

6. intelligent

7. brave

8. strong

9. friendly

10. loving 

common adjective










Nationality adjectives examples – The noun adjectives that refer to nationality, or similar concepts.

American, Brazilian, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Mexican, Russian, Spanish 

List of different descriptive adjectives

1. Beautiful

2. ugly

3. pretty

4. handsome

5. lovely

6. cute

7. adorable

8. stunning

9. impressive

10. fantastic 


Note: This is just for fun, and while I think they are correct, I am not fluent in Spanish, and the gender rules might change them. So double check the gender rule and meaning before you use these adjectives.

Looking for Spanish Adjectives or want the definition of a Spanish adjective?

Follow these quick examples on how to find them and their definitions:

• ‘aburrido’ is a Spanish adjective meaning ‘boring’.

• ‘fuera’ is a Spanish adjective meaning ‘outside’.

• ‘fuertemente’ is a Spanish adjective meaning ‘strongly’.

• ‘Caliente’ is a Spanish adjective meaning ‘hot’.

• ‘Seguro’ is a Spanish adjective meaning ‘sure’.

• ‘grande’ is a Spanish adjective meaning ‘big’.

Bueno – Good.

Just for More Fun Descriptive Adjectives French

1. beau 

2. bon 

3. charmant

4. drôle

5. élégant

6. généreux

7. gentil

8. heureux

9. intelligent

10. intéressant

11. joli

12. lumineux

13. magnifique

14. mignon

15. passionnant

16. sympathique

17. talentueux

18. terrible 

In conclusion, descriptive adjectives are words that describe the qualities or features of a person, place, or thing. They can be used to make writing more interesting and vivid, and to help the reader get a better understanding of what is being described. There are many different types of descriptive adjectives, and they can be used to create different effects.